Mary I (18 February 1516 - 17 November 1558), also known as Mary Tudor, and as " Bloody Mary " by her Protestant opponents, Queen of England and Irelandfrom July 1553 and Queen of Spain. As the wife of King Philip II. From January 1556 until her death.She is best known for her vigorous attempt to reverse. Which had begun during the reign of her father, King Henry VIII.
Her attempt to restore to the Church the property confiscated in the previous two reigns was largely thwarted by Parliament. But during her five-year reign, Mary had over 280 religious dissenters burned at the stake. Mary was the only surviving child.Of Henry VIII by his first wife, Catherine of Aragon. She was declared illegitimate and barred from the line of succession following the annulment of her parents' marriage in 1533, though she would later be restored via the Third Succession Act 1543. Her younger half-brother, Edward VI. Succeeded their father in 1547 at the age of nine. When Edward became terminally ill in 1553, he attempted to remove Mary from the line of succession because he supposed, correctly, that she would reverse the Protestant reforms that had taken place during his reign. Upon his death, leading politicians proclaimed Mary and Edward's Protestant cousin, Lady Jane Grey.
Mary speedily assembled a force in East Anglia. And deposed Jane, who was eventually beheaded. Mary was-excluding the disputed reigns of Jane and the Empress Matilda. In July 1554, Mary married Prince Philip of Spain.
On his accession in 1556. After Mary's death in 1558, her re-establishment of Roman Catholicism.
By her younger half-sister and successor, Elizabeth.